Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory condition that affects the joints of the body. It also affects the joint lining that results in painful swelling. Leaving this condition untreated for an extended period can cause bone inflammation, bone erosion, and joint deformity. The inflammation might also damage other body parts, such as eyes, skin, heart, lungs, and blood vessels.
Several factors increase the chances of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Some of them are unavoidable. However, change in lifestyle and habits can help individuals to prevent the development of rheumatoid arthritis to a certain extent. Maintaining an ideal weight, following a healthy diet, avoiding smoking and drinking, caring for teeth and gums, and taking probiotics may reduce the risk of developing RA.
Rheumatoid arthritis can occur at any age. Yet it mostly starts at the age of 40-60. Several factors, such as age, family history, gender, smoking, environmental exposures, obesity, etc. can cause the development of rheumatoid arthritis. Compared to men, women have a higher tendency to develop RA.
The following are some of the risk factors that cause rheumatoid arthritis:
Genetic factors are one of the reasons for developing RA. If a family member has this disease, then the chances of developing it in the members of the next generation are high.
Certain hormones may play a role in developing rheumatoid arthritis. High levels of estrogen, a female sex hormone, can contribute to the development of the disease. This hormone is also present in males. A low level of testosterone can also contribute to the development of rheumatoid arthritis
The risk of rheumatoid arthritis increases with age. A person is more likely to develop this condition in their 60s.
Chain smokers or regular smokers are at a high risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. Smoking also elevates other severe diseases. Smoking changes the body's immune responses, especially in people who are at risk of developing RA genetically.
People going through traumatic or stressful conditions may also develop rheumatoid arthritis. When the body reacts to stress, it can worsen the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.
This is not the end. There are other factors such as Obesity, Previous infections like HIV, parvovirus hepatitis viruses B and C, alphaviruses - such as chikungunya, presence of gut bacteria can also contribute to the development of rheumatoid arthritis. Adopting a healthy lifestyle can play a role in RA management and also reduce the risk of many diseases. If you are worried about rheumatoid arthritis, book an appointment at Orthogencare immediately, and avail expert advice.