Human blood is made up of 93% of RBC or red blood cells, 6% WBC or white blood cells, 1% plasma and platelets. Plasma is responsible for the function of clotting of blood after an injury or cut to stop the bleeding. Plasma is extremely rich in growth factors and plays deep part in connective tissue growth. Immediately after tissue injury, the first response of the body is to deliver the plasma to the affected area. Plasma starts the repairing process and also attracts the stem cells to the site of injury. In PRP, the blood collected from the patient is taken and the plasma is separated from it. The plasma is then concentrated with growth factors then injected back to the injured area.
Injecting the growth factors into the damaged or injured tendons, ligaments and joints speeds up the natural process of repair. The primary goal of PRP is to maximize the number of plasma and at the same time minimizing the RBC or red blood cells in a solution which is injected into the affected or injured area. PRP therapy helps to accelerate and stimulate the natural process of Healing. Also, PRP shows long lasting and permanent solution to the injured area of the body.
The creation of PRP is painless, simple and conventionally done in a single visit only. The entire process which involves drawing of blood from the patient and the preparation of the solution takes about 25-30 minutes only. The injection therapy is done under image guidance which assures for the precise placement of PRP. In most of the cases ultrasound is used to get the perfect image of the injured area. However, the number of injections involved in the whole process depends on the condition of the injury and the condition of the patient as well. In most of the cases, the injections range from two to six. There is significant reduction in pain after the first or second injection itself.
While talking about the pain regarding PRP Injections, they are not at all painful. However, the level of discomfort depends on the part of the body which is being treated. Injections which are applied on the joint are of minimal level of discomfort. At times, there might be small amount of pain after completion of the procedure which does not last more than a few days.
When it comes about safety regarding orthogen PRP injection therapy, it is absolutely safe. It is a safe therapy procedure with no allergic reactions as it involves treating the injury with the won blood and plasma of the patient. However, when a needle is placed in the body, there might be a risk of infection, nerve damage or even bleeding. These risks do not happen all time and is also very rare. Other risks depend on the condition of the injury and the state of the patient. Overall, it is a risk free therapy process. Consulting a physician before opting for the therapy is very necessary. Dr Vineeth MB, Ortho Surgeon in Ernakulam provides Platelet Rich Plasma Injection in Kochi. Know more about Painless, Safe PRP Therapy in Kerala, India by enquiring with us